References Related to Bias in Evaluations
- Antonio, Anthony “Faculty of Color Reconsidered: Reassessing Contributions to Scholarship” The Journal of Higher Education, Vol 73, No. 5 (September/October 2002)
- “Rising Above Cognitive Errors: Guidelines for Search, Tenure Review and Other Evaluation Committees” by Joann Moody)
- Too Nice to Land a Job - This article in Inside Higher Ed details research that shows that women faculty who are described in letters of recommendation as being "caring," "compassionate" or other communal words find their chances of being hired are hurt more than are men's chances. The National Science Foundation funded the research, which was published in the Journal of Applied Psychology.
Numerous resources from The Georgia Institute of Technology regarding Biases in Evaluation Processes. Resources are categorized as follows: Cultural Biases, Professional Climate, Organizational Changes and Evaluation Procedure
Gender Bias Calculator
The Gender Bias Calculator was inspired by this AWIS blog post on gender biases in recommendation letters. The blog post and the scientific paper it is based on also explain why gender bias is important
List of Resources Discussing Student Evaluations and the RPT Process, Particularly as they Pertain to Women and URM Faculty
- Boring et al. (2016) Student evaluations of teaching (mostly) do not measure teaching effectiveness ScienceOpen Research (DOI: 10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-EDU.AETBZC.v1)
- Anderson, K., & Miller, E. D. (1997). Gender and student evaluations of teaching. PS: Political Science and Politics, 30(2), 216-219. -
- Basow, S.A. (1995). Student evaluations of college professors: When gender matters. Journal of Educational Psychology, 87(4), 656-665. -
- Cramer, K.M. & Alexitch, L.R. (2000). Student evaluations of college professors: identifying sources of bias. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 30(2), 143-64. -
- Hamermesh, D. S. & Parker, A. M. (2005). Beauty in the classroom:Instructors’ pulchritude and putative pedagogical productivity. Economics of Education Review, vol. 24, issue 4, pages 369-376
- Marsh, H.W., & Dunkin, M. J. (1992). Students’ evaluations of university teaching: A multidimensional perspective. In J. C. Smart (Ed.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research, Vol. 8. New York: Agathon Press. –
- MacNell, L., Driscoll, A. & Hunt, A.N. (2015) What’s in a Name: Exposing Gender Bias in Student Ratings of Teaching. Innov High Educ, 40 (291). doi:10.1007/s10755-014-9313-4
- Reid, Landon D. The Role of Perceived Race and Gender in the Evaluation of College Teaching on RateMyProfessors.com. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 2010, 3 (No. 3) pp. 137-152.
- Smith, G & Anderson, KJ. Students’ Ratings of Professors: The Teaching Style Contingency for Latino/a Professors. Journal of Latinos and Education. Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2005.
- Storage D, Horne Z, Cimpian A, & Leslie S-J (2016) The Frequency of “Brilliant” and “Genius” in Teaching Evaluations Predicts the Representation of Women and African Americans across Fields. PLoS ONE 11(3): e0150194. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0150194
- Travis Russ, Cheri Simonds & Stephen Hunt. (2002). Coming Out in the Classroom … An Occupational Hazard?: The Influence of Sexual Orientation on Teacher Credibility and Perceived Student Learning. Communication Education 51(3), 311-324. DOI: 10.1080/03634520216516
- Wachtel, H.K. (1998). Student evaluation of college teaching effectiveness: A brief review. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 23(2), 191-211.
- Weinberg, B. A., Fleisher, B. M., & Hashimoto, M. (2007). Evaluating methods for evaluating instruction: The case of higher education (NBER Working Paper No. 12844). Retrieved August 5, 2013, from http://www.nber.org/papers/w12844